by James M. Wall
Writing in the current issue of In These Times, American History scholar Theo Anderson follows the modern political conservative movement’s rise to power from the founding of the Heritage Foundation in 1973 through Donald Trump’s inauguration in 2017.
It is a story of an ideological movement dedicated to the creation of “an America where freedom, opportunity, prosperity and civil society flourish.” (Heritage Foundation mission statement)
In 1980, that movement rode initially to White House power on the coattails of an amiable movie actor, Ronald Reagan, while picking up crucial political allies among evangelical Christians.
Evangelical Christians played a major role in elevating a non-religious Reagan to the White House, even as they help toss out one of their own, a born-again Southern Baptist, President Jimmy Carter.
Co-founders of the Heritage Foundation in 1973, Paul Weyrich (above) and Edwin Feulner (below), were funded lavishly by beer baron Joseph Coors.
Many Evangelical Christians frown on consumption of alcohol beverages, except, it appears, when profits from those beverages fund their political ambitions.
Weyrich and Feulner were shrewd political operatives who knew their targets: Americans who were rich, and Americans who believed they should be rich. Both targets believed in liberty for themselves, less so for “others”.
Anderson writes that “Weyrich’s dogged institution-building was driven by a burning vision: Organize evangelical Christians into a powerful voting bloc, reinvent the Republican Party and radically reconstruct the nation.”
In the late 1970s, Weyrich used anger over encroachments on “religious liberty”—namely, the liberty to deny African Americans entrance to religious private schools—to mobilize the Christian Right. His efforts propelled Reagan to victory in 1980 via another organization Weyrich cofounded, the Moral Majority.
Weyrich, who belonged to a Catholic sect, spoke a language of personal responsibility that resonated with evangelicals. He believed that individualism was the heart of the Judeo-Christian tradition and its great nemesis was the growth of government.
Heritage had long been knee-deep in the religious liberty crusade of the Christian Right. It built a successful on-line publication, The Daily Signal, which claims to have more than 2 million readers
The Daily Signal looks for “what it considers outrageous government intrusions on Christians’ rights, especially their right to discriminate against LGBT people. These stories often involve the travails of fundamentalist bakers, florists and wedding planners”.
For libertarians and corporate conservatives, freedom means low taxes and little or no regulation. When the influential libertarian economist Milton Friedman died in 2006, Heritage posted a tribute to him on its website, claiming that “his powerful insights” had “saved millions or billions of people from decades of oppressive statism.”
In his essay, Anderson writes, since its initial start with Coors’ beer money, “Heritage has grown large enough to boast an annual budget of about $100 million and a staff of about 90 “experts” who hold such pseudo-academic titles as “research fellow’ and “policy analyst.”
With additional support from Coors, Weyrich also founded the Committee for the Survival of a Free Congress (CSFC), “an organization that trained and mobilized conservative activists, recruited conservative candidates, and raised funds for conservative causes”.
Under Weyrich, the CSFC “was one of the first organizations to tap into evangelical Christian churches as places to recruit and cultivate activists and support for social conservative causes. In 1977, Weyrich co-founded Christian Voice with Robert Grant. Two years later, with Jerry Falwell, he founded the Moral Majority (1979–1989)”.
Over the next two decades, Weyrich founded, co-founded, or held prominent roles in a number of other notable conservative organizations. Among them, he was founder of the American Legislative Exchange Council, [ALEC] an organization of state legislators; a co-founder of the Council for National Policy, a strategy-formulating organization for social conservatives.
Heritage is not the only gun in the conservative movement’s arsenal, but its impact is obvious in the current Trump administration.
“We are different from previous generations of conservatives,” Weyrich said in the early 1980s. “We are radicals, working to overturn the present power structure of this country.”
As a recent Salon essay notes: Trump is that movement’s best hope yet for achieving its great dream of “gutting government”.
Trump’s proposed $1.15 trillion budget for 2018, appears to race forward in that gutting effort. Domestic agencies are trimmed significantly. Only the Pentagon budget moves higher, much higher.
Salon wrote that “Donald Trump is relying on a blueprint budget from the conservative Heritage Foundation and the guidance of a former Rand Paul staffer, to deliver the most extremely right-wing restructuring of the federal government in decades.”
The Trump transition team has been at work for months with career staffers at the White House and throughout the federal bureaucracy to draft a plan to cut $10.5 trillion out of the federal government over 10 years, according to multiple reports.
The president-elect vowed to slash government spending on the campaign trail, promising to add those savings to the massive budget of the Department of Defense. New reporting now outlines just which parts of the federal government will be eliminated by the incoming Trump administration.. . . .
As Anderson writes: “Heritage isn’t an appendage of the Trump administration’s radicalism. It’s the heart of it. Trump is just a tool.”
To those voters who hope that maybe the gutting of so many progressive dreams will be side-tracked with an impeachment or resignation of President Trump, Anderson delivers the bad news.
Vice President Mike Pence . . .has deep ties to the Foundation.
In 2006, Weyrich, who considered himself a mentor of Pence’s, said of him, “Nobody is perfect, but he comes pretty close.”
After the election of the Trump-Pence team, in early December, 2016, Pence gave the keynote speech at a Heritage event, held, of course Trump’s D.C. hotel, to honor the foundation’s biggest donors. He promised that the Trump administration “is now and will continue to draw on the institution’s work”.
Weyrich died, at age 66, on December 18, 2008, a month after the election of Democratic President Barack Obama.
Edwin Feulner, now 76, (right), Weyrich’s partner in establishing the Heritage Foundation, is still going strong. He began a career that included a long run as chief of staff for ultra-conservative Illinois Republican congressman Phil Crain.
Feulner served as Heritiage President from 1977 to 2013, when he was replaced by former U.S. Senator Jim DeMint, who left a safe South Carolina seat to move to the real power center of the conservative movement.
In an interview with The National Review, Feulner was asked to identify Heritage’s most important achievement. He responded, “I think we have made conservative ideas mainstream and equally credible”.
With Trump’s election in November, Heritage has become a key power broker in Washington. It has an administration willing to further its agenda.
At the Conservative Political Action Conference in late February, 2017, Trump advisor Steve Bannon said that the administration’s priority was the “deconstruction of the administrative state.”
The conservative movement’s rise to power began in the aftermath of what seemed like conservatism’s collapse through the 1950s and 1960s.
Anderson concludes his In These Times essay: “Heritage’s use of an ideological cipher like Trump to carry out an agenda that seemed hopelessly stuck just four years ago is the latest example of the movement’s resilience.”
“If Trump is impeached and removed from office, they will be happy to have Pence”.
The picture of Paul Weyrich at top is from In These Times. It was taken in 1986 by Susan Biddle, for the Denver Post. It is a Getty photo. The picture of In These Times, is the cover of the April issue. The picture of Edwin Feulner is a publicity shot.