The “Little Town of Bethlehem” Still Waits for Its Stolen Democracy

By James M. Wall

A new Palestinian parliament was elected in the Occupied Territories on January 25, 2006.  One month from this Christmas, Palestinians should have been celebrating the fifth anniversary of that democratic, internationally-monitored, election.

There will be no celebration in January, 2011.  Instead, Bethlehem, the West Bank, and Gaza still wait for the democracy that was stolen from them.

Palestinians remain trapped in a military occupation the Israeli government forced the world to accept because the “wrong” party won.

For one brief shining moment, before the 2006 results were rewritten to fit the Zionist narrative, democracy lived in the land where Christ was born.

In a story of rare candor for a major American news outlet, on January 26, 2006,  the Washington Post reported the elections fairly. The Post began its coverage:

The radical Islamic movement Hamas won a large majority in the new Palestinian parliament, according to official election results announced Thursday, trouncing the governing Fatah party in a contest that could dramatically reshape the Palestinians’ relations with Israel and the rest of the world.

In Wednesday’s voting, Hamas claimed 76 of the 132 parliamentary seats, giving the party at war with Israel the right to form the next cabinet under the Palestinian Authority’s president, Mahmoud Abbas, the leader of Fatah.

Fatah, which has dominated the legislature since the previous elections a decade ago and the Palestinian cause for far longer, won 43 seats. A collection of nationalist, leftist and independent parties claimed the rest.

The Post writer had not received the Israeli media narrative when he wrote that lead. He reported the election as it happened, giving his readers the facts and speculating on the impact the Hamas victory would have on future relations between the Palestinians and Israel.

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was shocked at the election results. Israeli intelligence had assured her that Fatah would win. She had not counted on having to deal with a non-subservient Palestinian leadership.

Israel claimed to be as surprised as Rice, which was unlikely, since Israel had its own intelligence agents swarming all over the occupied territories.

Israel had agreed to tolerate the election, knowing that if Hamas won, the results could easily be manipulated to fit the scenario Israel would write.

The election results were revised to fit the standard “terrorism” narrative. It works this way: When Israel does not win a war or an election, it simply rewrites the script to conform to whatever fits Israel’s preferred story line.

Israel’s version, which a compliant  world media, endorsed, quickly converted victorious Hamas legislators like Jabalya refugee camp resident Youssef Shrafi, at left, from a family man to a “terrorist”.

This Reuters photo ran next to the January 26, 2006, Post story.  This picture may well represent the last time an Hamas politician was correctly identified in an American newspaper as a family man.

Israel could not allow Hamas to be seen as a political party that had won an election the way parties do in a democracy. Hamas had to be peddled as a “terror” organization that is a theat to world peace, a narrative pattern that continues to this day, as Israel and its US neoconservative allies pound the war drums against Iran.

On election day, 2006, I was in Bethlehem, where I watched long lines of voters participating in the core event of a democracy, choosing their leaders.

The Bethlehem city council already had a majority of Hamas members, and on the day of the election, the green colors of Hamas dominated the square outside the polling place I visited.

I walked into the polling place and saw election judges checking credentials.  One official asked me, politely, to move away from the voters; no electioneering inside the polling place. I told him I understood.

The picture above, of political posters plastered neatly on a building in downtown Bethlehem, was one I took on election day. Hope was in the air. There was joy that a people living under military occupation might soon come together to slowly and no doubt, painfully, build their own stable, peaceful, country.

So Israel did what it always does. It played the fear card and arrested half of the victorious Hamas legislators before they could be sworn in. Many of those arrested still languish in an Israeli prison five years later.

Following Israel’s script for the next five years, Israel, the US and the European Union refused to accept the results of the 2006 election.

The electoral map below tells the story of the legitimacy of the election. Hamas district legislative winners are in green. Fatah is yellow.

Immediately, Israel took over the story. Since the Hamas legislative majority had been deemed by Israel and the US to be a “terrorist” organization, all outside funding was funneled to the now minority Fatah party, which remained under Israeli control.  Cutting off the funding was intended to starve the Hamas political organization, leading to it failure.

But Hamas did not fail, not even after Israel sealed the Gaza strip.

An ongoing economic blockade and periodic military assaults on Gaza’s civilian population, in “retaliation” for home-made rockets fired into Israel by non-Hamas forces, also did not lead to Hamas’ defeat.

Hamas simply hunkered down; its army defeated Fatah in a US endorsed civil war in which Fatah’s army was funded and trained by the US military.

Israel became an even more isolated military fortress, threatening its neighbors and encouraging the US to come over and save the world from the deadly non-existent Iraqi WPDs. With that successful enterprise completed, Israel turned to the nuclear threat it insists it sees in Iran..

Five years after that brief 2006 shining moment when democracy threatened to break out in Palestine, the military power that is Israel stands alone in the Middle East, a nuclear-armed behemoth that has abandoned any pretense of democracy even as it continues to cling to the fiction that it is the “only democracy” in the region.

The US did its part for Israel, taking advantage of a divided Palestinian political structure.  The US lured Fatah leader Mahmoud Abbas into agreeing to “talk” to Bibi Netanyahu, a man who likes to talk so long as nothing is said that would deter his goal to extend the state of Israel from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River.

A few weeks before the fifth anniversary of the 2006 legislative election, another Christmas season is upon us.

Church congregations will gather together and sing traditional hymns, celebrating the birth of a child in a manger in the little town of Bethlehem, a little town that is no longer little, living within an Israeli-built wall, with limited access to the outside through Israeli-controlled check points.

In most of those churches, on Christmas Eve, members will sing O Little Town of Bethlehem or Silent Night with little thought of those Palestinians who, for a brief, shining moment almost had a democracy in which they might have finally been able to move freely throughout the land of Palestine.

When church congregations see their own small children stand around a manger scene in the front of the sanctuary, their eyes wide as they await the arrival of the wise men from the east, will any of them pause, even just for a moment, to wonder what life is like today for children in the land where Jesus was born?

This two minute clip reports on a Palestinian family living under military occupation in Palestine, five years after the 2006 election, and two thousand years after the the birth of the Christ child. The video was produced by the Israel-based human rights organization, B’tselem.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu was interviewed by a Boston Globe reporter in 2007. The South African leader was asked by the reporter what he had seen and heard in the Holy Land on his recent visit there.  He responded:

Some people cannot move freely from one place to another.  A wall separates them from their famlies and from their incomes. They cannot tend to their gardens at home or to their lessons at school.

They are arbitrarily demeaned at checkpoints and unnecessarily beleageured by capricious applications of bureaucratic red tape.

I grieve for the damage being done daily to people’s souls and bodies. I have to tell the truth: I am reminded of the yoke of oppression that was once our burden in South Africa.

In a folder encouraging visitor to visit Bethlehem in 2010 and 2011, the American Association for Palestinian Equal Rights reports:

A recent United Nations report stated that the wall and other measures imposed by Israel have “reduced Bethlehem’s development space, limited its access to resources, severed Bethlehem’s historical links to Jerusalem and restricted the urban area’s potential for residential and industrial expansion.”

These measures have severely damaged Bethlehem’s tourism industry, a major part of Bethlehem’s economy, a city still waiting for its stolen democracy.

About wallwritings

From 1972 through 1999, James M. Wall was editor and publisher of the Christian Century magazine, based in Chicago, lllinois. He was a Contributing Editor of the Century from 1999 until July, 2017. He has written this blog, wall, since it was launched April 27, 2008. If you would like to receive Wall Writings alerts when new postings are added to this site, send a note, saying, Please Add Me, to Biography: Journalism was Jim's undergraduate college major at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. He has earned two MA degrees, one from Emory, and one from the University of Chicago, both in religion. He is an ordained United Methodist clergy person. He served for two years in the US Air Force, and three additional years in the USAF reserve. While serving on active duty with the Alaskan Command, he reached the rank of first lieutenant. He has worked as a sports writer for both the Atlanta Journal and Constitution, was editor of the United Methodist magazine, Christian Advocate for ten years, and editor and publisher of the Christian Century magazine for 27 years. James M Wall died March 22, 2021 at age 92. His family appreciates all of his readers, even those who may have disagreed with his well-informed writings.
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9 Responses to The “Little Town of Bethlehem” Still Waits for Its Stolen Democracy

  1. Richard Cross says:

    Israel pretends to be a demorcacy while the US claims it promotes democracy around the world. Translated: They both support democrcary as long as election results go their way. So, as in the case of Iran and Chile in the past where there is a free democratic election and the results dont go our way we denigrate and thrwart the election,( successfully in the cae of Iran and Chile. So far Hamas has managed to hold on in spite of sanctions and “terroist” labels. If there isto be justice and poecae Hamas must sit at the table.
    What next ?

  2. John F. Kane says:

    Jim – I think it’s very important that occasionally folks like you (who know the history) place current events in the larger context of history (by which I mean in this case just the story since the election) because it’s far too easy for the rest of us to get lost in the immediate and lose the larger picture. The election map was terrific and the video as well. And I just wish your relating this to US Christmas celebrations would get out to all US churches. You do such important work. May your Christmas be blessed even as we remember the ongoing crucifixions in Palestine. John

  3. Patricia Slomanski says:

    Mr. Wall,
    You are SO wrong about Hamas. It is indeed a terrorist organization. Yes, we should be concerned for the innocent people who have to suffer under this terrorist regime, but don’t blame Israel. Every day it receives bombs that are lobbed into their land by these evil, violent people. Unfortunately, the innocent ones suffer. Israel has a right to protect itself. Evidently, you don’t understand. God does not expect us to be doormats or to allow others to force violence upon us. You need to go back and read your Bible. Your thinking needs some serious adjustment. Again, you are “dead” wrong about Hama. The pun refers to the goal of Hamas. They indeed want to wipe Israel off of the map. The Jewish people have a right to protect themselves.

  4. Robert Hannum says:

    Whenever we sing “O Little Town of Bethlehem”, my wife cries. We remember the milling around in Manger Square on Christmas Eve, when Muslims and Christians join together in the festivities, Christmas Carols blaring from the loudspeakers. The town is now 70% Muslim, but there is little animosity with Christians, whose mayor, thus far, is always a Christian. One peace activist reports that only 20% of the land is still available for Palestinian expansion. The town is surrounded on three sides by the 29 foot wall. If one travels south, to get north, he/she still has to go through an Israeli checkpost. Then, up the “Wadi Naar” (Valley of Fire), where sewage is dumped, to Bethany, then, perhaps to Jerusalem or Ramallah to the north, (If the permit is correct!) One might get through the new checkpost building, the more direct route to Jerusalem and through the wall, but, again, permits are required. Not many get them. So, That “Little Town” is largely a prison for Palestinians. So much for “the only democracy in the Middle East.” And, Hamas won it fair and square. America! Remember your own revolution! Were you freedom fighters or terrorists?? But, most of us do not care a fig for justice! And, by the way, Mary and Joseph would also have a tough time getting in.

  5. Sam Jennings says:

    Let’s all get together and announce an independent state for a country named Palestine. A petition should be circulated for an independent Palestinian state and then support this state thru the United Nations. After that peace talks can be resumed. The Moslems should have a country in the Holy Land as well as the Jews.

  6. Harris Fawell says:

    Jim, your knwledge of the Israeli-Palestine issues are very much appreciated. Obviously, Obama has his share of problems as of late. We can only hope that his administration has the strength and know-how to rise above the many issues he has before him. Please keep up your fine work. It is appreciated.

  7. Allen Johnson says:

    Thank you for the map, which was very revealing.
    I have been to the Occupied Palestinian Territories on several occasions with Christian Peacemaker Teams. During time-offs, I have traveled freely and confidently using Palestinian transportation throughout much of the West Bank, obviously identifiable as a “white American.” Nablus, Ramallah, Jericho, Hebron, etc. In every case I have been treated kindly and generously by the Palestinian people. To label these people “terrorists” is an injustice. Especially in light of the incessant vandalism and violence toward Palestinians by the radical settler movement that invariably is ignored by the police and IDF.

    I vividly remember Palm Sunday 2005 when Holy Land Trust and other Christian Palestinians organized a peaceful vigil and march from Bethlehem to Jerusalem, about 8 miles. Of course, we were stopped by the IDF at the edge of Bethlehem and not allowed to proceed further on our “holy day” to our “holy place to worship.” During the hour or so we stood blocked, several busloads of Christian tourists drove by us on their way to the Church of the Nativity. They gawked at us, no doubt wondering what was up. But then, I’m rather sure their Israeli tourist guide gave an explanation… So the myth goes on that Israel is a fair-minded beleaguered democracy in the midst of a sea of hostiles….

  8. Patricia Pynchon says:

    It makes me sad. How to change it? The Palestinians have suffered too much. The Israelis have no way of thinking except in their own interest, which results in sadistic behavior and twisted rationalization of their brutal policies. while the Palestinians are helpless and unarmed.

  9. Good The Little Town of Bethlehem Still Waits for Its Stolen Democracy | Wallwritings
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